Chipless Wireless Sensors & RFID

Chipless Wireless Sensors & RFID

 
Polarization separated sensor readout.
Polarization separated sensor readout.

Passive chipless RFID and wireless sensor tags (i. e. tags without active power supply and without silicon ‘chip’-based information handling) allow for identification and measurement in environments that cannot be accessed by ‘conventional’ approaches, either for technical or economical reasons. The research of the microwave engineering group in this field is focused on novel tag designs and concepts for passive chipless RFID and wireless sensors. The work is thereby strongly influenced by the metamaterial approach. Up to now, there are three main ‘platforms’ on which many wireless sensors and RFID tags have reached prototype status.

Dielectric resonator high temperature sensor demonstration

The ‘delay line’ platform utilizes ‘left-handed’ metamaterial transmission lines to arange a backscatter signal in time-domain that encodes either digital information or analog sensor values. A vital component of this approach is a novel passive and chipless phase modulation scheme that allows for a tremendous increase of the tag's information capacity as well as for the ability of phase-encoding of measured values.

The ‘microresonator’ platform realizes the idea of a miniaturized antenna structure that acts as a backscatter particle, either been used to encode a single information symbol or to represent a measured value. Within this approach, multi-symbol RFID tags have been realized as well as sensors for mechanical parameters like strain and bending.

  • Working principle of polarization separated sensor readout.
  • Measurement result of 2D displacement sensor (one dimension).

A different approach that separates interrogation and response signal by means of polarization forms the third platform, called ‘polarization separation’. Different sensors have been realized within this context, e. g. a mechanical 2D displacement sensor.

A special interest is furthermore on temperature sensing by the utilization of temperature-sensitive materials, especially barium-strontium-titanate. Temperature sensors have successfully been realized on the delay line and on the polarization separation platform. Aim of this work is especially the temperature range between 100°C and 1000°C, where conventional wireless temperature sensors are not able to work. Recently, a temperature sensor based on a dielectric resonator approach has been realized that is capable of temperature measurements up to 800°C. The sensor is demonstrated in the short video above.

Publications

Popper, M. ; Frank, T. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. ; Vossiek, M. :
A 3D-modulated delay-line based chipless TDR UWB RFID system with high suppression of multiple reflections.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1109/EuMC.2016.7824276]
In: 2016 46th European Microwave Conference (EuMC).
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2016)

Pöpperl, M. ; Parr, A. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. ; Vossiek, M. :
Potential and Practical Limits of Time-Domain Reflectometry Chipless RFID.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2016.2593722]
In: IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 64 (9) pp. 2968-2976. ISSN 0018-9480
[Artikel], (2016)

Mandel, C. ; Kubina, B. ; Schuessler, M. ; Jakoby, R. ; v. Boegel, G. ; Meyer, F. ; Grabmaier, A. ; Wiemeler, M. ; Kaiser, T. ; Solbach, K. :
Approach for long-range frequency domain chipless RFID tags towards THz.
In: Smart SysTech 2016; European Conference on Smart Objects, Systems and Technologies.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2016)

Pöpperl, M. ; Dobrev, Y. ; Gottinger, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. ; Vossiek, M. :
Chipless UWB TDR RFID landmark-based positioning using polarimetric filtering.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMIM.2016.7533924]
In: 2016 IEEE MTT-S International Conference on Microwaves for Intelligent Mobility (ICMIM).
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2016)

Mandelkow, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Kubina, B. ; Saez, Jiminez A. ; Maune, H. ; Jakoby, Rolf ; Landfried, Kim-Carolin ; Keil, Ferdinand ; Hofmann, Klaus :
Bauteil mit einer Antenne.

[Norm, Patent, Standard], (2016)

Pöpperl, M. ; Carlowitz, C. ; Vossiek, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. :
An ultra-wideband time domain reflectometry chipless RFID system with higher order modulation schemes.
[Online-Edition: https://doi.org/10.1109/GEMIC.2016.7461640]
In: 2016 German Microwave Conference (GeMiC).
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2016)

Alejandro, Jiménez Sáez ; Polat, Ersin ; Mandel, Christian ; Schüßler, Martin ; Kubina, Bernd ; Scherer, Timo ; Lautenschläger, Nils ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Chipless Wireless Temperature Sensor for Machine Tools Based on a Dielectric Ring Resonator.
In: Proceedings of the 30th anniversary Eurosensors Conference – Eurosensors 2016, 4-7. Sepember 2016, Budapest, Hungary, Elsevier Ltd.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2016)

Mandel, Christian :
Entwurfsprinzipien, Modulations- und Zugriffsverfahren für integrierte chiplose RFID-Sensorik.
Shaker Verlag , Aachen
[Dissertation], (2014)

Mandel, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Nickel, M. ; Kubina, B. ; Jakoby, R. ; Pöpperl, M. ; Vossiek, M. :
Higher order pulse modulators for time domain chipless RFID tags with increased information density.
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EuMC.2015.7345709]
In: 45th European Microwave Conference.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2015)

Kubina, B. ; Mandel, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Compact quasi-chipless harmonic radar sensor with a dielectric resonator antenna.
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MWSYM.2015.7166820]
In: IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2015)

Nickel, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Filter-based slow wave structures for application in chipless microwave RFID.
[Online-Edition: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/GEMIC.2015.7107754]
In: German Microwave Conference.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2015)

Mandel, C. ; Schuster, C. ; Kubina, B. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Dual Frequency Selective Multiple Access With Quasi-Chipless/Powerless RFID Mixer Tags.
In: Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, IEEE, 24 (8) pp. 572-574.
[Artikel], (2014)

Schüßler, Martin ; Mandel, Christian ; Kubina, Bernd ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Realization Concepts for Chipless Wireless Temperature Sensing.
In: Sensors and Measuring Systems 2014; 17. ITG/GMA Symposium; Proceedings of.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2014)

Kubina, B. ; Romeu, J. ; Mandel, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Quasi-chipless wireless temperature sensor based on harmonic radar.
In: Electronics Letters, 50 (2) pp. 86-88.
[Artikel], (2014)

Kubina, B. ; Schüßler, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Mehmood, A. ; Jakoby, R. :
Wireless high-temperature sensing with a chipless tag based on a dielectric resonator antenna.
In: SENSORS, 2013 IEEE.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2013)

Schüßler, M. ; Kubina, B. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. :
Readout scheme for resistive chipless wireless sensors.
In: SENSORS, 2013 IEEE.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2013)

Kubina, B. ; Mandel, C. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Dynamic interference suppression for chipless wireless sensors: An out-of-band channel estimation approach.
In: Microwave Conference (EuMC), 2013 European.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2013)

Schüßler, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Puentes, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Metamaterial Inspired Microwave Sensors.
In: IEEE Microwave Magazine, 13 (2) pp. 57-68.
[Artikel], (2012)

Schüßler, M. ; Puentes, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. :
Capacitive Level Sensor for Layered Fillings in Tanks and Vessles based on Metamaterial Transmission Line.
In: International Conference IEEE Sensors 2011, Oct. 2011, Limerick, Ireland.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2011)

Mandel, Christian ; Maune, Holger ; Maasch, Matthias ; Sazegar, Mohsen ; Kubina, Bernd ; Schüßler, Martin ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Wireless Temperature Sensing with BST-Based Chipless Transponder Utilizing a Passive Phase Modulation Scheme.
In: Frequenz, 65 (7-8) 225�231.
[Artikel], (2011)

Schüßler, M. ; Puentes, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, R. :
Capacitive Level Monitoring of Layered Fillings in Vessels using Composite Right/Left-Handed Transmission Lines.
In: IMS2011, International Microwave Symposium, June 2011, Baltimore, USA.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2011)

Mandel, C. ; Maune, H. ; Maasch, M. ; Sazegar, M. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Passive wireless temperature sensing with BST-based chipless transponder.
In: Proc. of the German Microwave Conference.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2011)

Mandel, Christian ; Kubina, Bernd ; Schüßler, Martin ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Passive Chipless Wireless Sensor for Two-Dimensional Displacement Measurement.
In: Proc. of the 41th European Microwave Conference.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2011)

Mandel, Christian ; Schüßler, Martin ; Jakoby, Rolf :
A Wireless Passive Strain Sensor.
In: IEEE Sensors Conference.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2011)

Mandel, C. ; Puentes, M. ; Schüßler, M. ; Jakoby, R. :
Concepts for Chipless Metamaterial-based Microwave RFID Transponders.
In: META 2010, 2nd International Conference on Metamaterials, Photonic crystals and Plasmonics, February 2010, Cairo, Egypt .
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2010)

Schüßler, M. ; Puentes, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Multi-Resonant Perturbation Method for Capacitive Sensing with Composite Right/Left-Handed Transmission Lines.
In: Proc. of Int. Microwave Symposium.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2010)

Schüßler, M. ; Mandel, C. ; Maasch, M. ; Giere, A. ; Jakoby, Rolf :
Phase Modulation Scheme for Chipless RFID and Wireless Sensor Tags.
In: Proceedings of APMC. Singapore
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2009)

Mandel, Christian ; Schüßler, Martin ; Maasch, Matthias ; Jakoby, Rolf :
A Novel Passive Phase Modulator based on LH Delay Lines for Chipless Microwave RFID Applications.
In: IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop on Wireless Sensing, Local Positioning, and RFID.
[Konferenz- oder Workshop-Beitrag], (2009)

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